Regret-Based Multi-Agent Coordination with Uncertain Task Rewards

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Many multi-agent coordination problems can be represented as DCOPs. Motivated by task allocation in disaster response, we extend standard DCOP models to consider uncertain task rewards where the outcome of completing a task depends onits current state, which is randomly drawn from unknown distributions. The goal of solving this problem is to find a solution for all agents that minimizes the overall worst-case loss. This is a challenging problem for centralized algorithms because the search space grows exponentially with the number of agents and is nontrivial for existing algorithms for standard DCOPs. To address this, we propose a novel decentralized algorithm that incorporates Max-Sum with iterative constraint generation to solve the problem by passing messages among agents. By so doing, our approach scales well and can solve instances of the task allocation problem with hundreds of agents and tasks.

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@inproceedings{WJaaai14,
 address = {Quebec City, Canada},
 author = {Feng Wu and Nicholas R. Jennings},
 booktitle = {Proceedings of the 28th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI)},
 pages = {1492-1499},
 title = {Regret-Based Multi-Agent Coordination with Uncertain Task Rewards},
 year = {2014}
}